The archaeological site of Yin Xu, close to Anyang City,
some 500 km south of Beijing, is an ancient capital city of the late
Shang Dynasty (1300 - 1046 BC). It testifies to the golden age of early
Chinese culture, crafts and sciences, a time of great prosperity of the
Chinese Bronze Age. A number of royal tombs and palaces, prototypes of
later Chinese architecture, have been unearthed on the site, including
the Palace and Royal Ancestral Shrines Area, with more than 80 house
foundations, and the only tomb of a member of the royal family of the
Shang Dynasty to have remained intact, the Tomb of Fu Hao. The large
number and superb craftsmanship of the burial accessories found there
bear testimony to the advanced level of Shang crafts industry.
Inscriptions on oracle bones found in Yin Xu bear invaluable testimony
to the development of one of the world’s oldest writing systems, ancient
beliefs and social systems.