The enormous mining excavation known as the Great Pit at
Falun is the most striking feature of a landscape that illustrates the
activity of copper production in this region since at least the 13th
century. The 17th-century planned town of Falun with its many fine
historic buildings, together with the industrial and domestic remains of
a number of settlements spread over a wide area of the Dalarna region,
provide a vivid picture of what was for centuries one of the world's
most important mining areas.