The Mahabodhi Temple Complex is one of the four holy
sites related to the life of the Lord Buddha, and particularly to the
attainment of Enlightenment. The first temple was built by Emperor Asoka
in the 3rd century B.C., and the present temple dates from the 5th or
6th centuries. It is one of the earliest Buddhist temples built entirely
in brick, still standing in India, from the late Gupta period.