Himeji-jo is the finest surviving example of early
17th-century Japanese castle architecture, comprising 83 buildings with
highly developed systems of defence and ingenious protection devices
dating from the beginning of the Shogun period. It is a masterpiece of
construction in wood, combining function with aesthetic appeal, both in
its elegant appearance unified by the white plastered earthen walls and
in the subtlety of the relationships between the building masses and the
multiple roof layers.