Rising above the modern lower town, the Alhambra and the
Albaycín, situated on two adjacent hills, form the medieval part of
Granada. To the east of the Alhambra fortress and residence are the
magnificent gardens of the Generalife, the former rural residence of the
emirs who ruled this part of Spain in the 13th and 14th centuries. The
residential district of the Albaycín is a rich repository of Moorish
vernacular architecture, into which the traditional Andalusian
architecture blends harmoniously.