University and Historic Precinct of Alcalรก de Henares
Founded by Cardinal Jimรฉnez de Cisneros in the early 16th century, Alcalรก de Henares was the world's first planned university city. It was the original model for the Civitas Dei (City of God), the ideal urban community which Spanish missionaries brought to the Americas. It also served as a model for universities in Europe and elsewhere.