Gammelstad, at the head of the Gulf of Bothnia, is the
best-preserved example of a 'church village', a unique kind of village
formerly found throughout northern Scandinavia. The 424 wooden houses,
huddled round the early 15th-century stone church, were used only on
Sundays and at religious festivals to house worshippers from the
surrounding countryside who could not return home the same day because
of the distance and difficult travelling conditions.