The site encompasses a rugged and extensively
forested mountainous region in the south-east of Jamaica, which provided
refuge first for the indigenous Tainos fleeing slavery and then for
Maroons (former enslaved peoples). They resisted the European colonial
system in this isolated region by establishing a network of trails,
hiding places and settlements, which form the Nanny Town Heritage Route.
The forests offered the Maroons everything they needed for their
survival. They developed strong spiritual connections with the
mountains, still manifest through the intangible cultural legacy of, for
example, religious rites, traditional medicine and dances. The site is
also a biodiversity hotspot for the Caribbean Islands with a high
proportion of endemic plant species, especially lichens, mosses and
certain flowering plants.