The archaeological sites of Mycenae and Tiryns are
the imposing ruins of the two greatest cities of the Mycenaean
civilization, which dominated the eastern Mediterranean world from the
15th to the 12th century B.C. and played a vital role in the development
of classical Greek culture. These two cities are indissolubly linked to
the Homeric epics, the Iliad and the Odyssey , which have influenced European art and literature for more than three millennia.