The 'Pearl of the Adriatic', situated on the
Dalmatian coast, became an important Mediterranean sea power from the
13th century onwards. Although severely damaged by an earthquake in
1667, Dubrovnik managed to preserve its beautiful Gothic, Renaissance
and Baroque churches, monasteries, palaces and fountains. Damaged again
in the 1990s by armed conflict, it is now the focus of a major
restoration programme co-ordinated by UNESCO.