In the 19th century Sintra became the first centre
of European Romantic architecture. Ferdinand II turned a ruined
monastery into a castle where this new sensitivity was displayed in the
use of Gothic, Egyptian, Moorish and Renaissance elements and in the
creation of a park blending local and exotic species of trees. Other
fine dwellings, built along the same lines in the surrounding serra
, created a unique combination of parks and gardens which influenced
the development of landscape architecture throughout Europe.